History of friction welding

In 1973, Izumi Machine Manufacturing Co., Ltd. began consignment production(development, design, manufacture) of Toyota’s Automatic Friction Welding Machine, the first domestically-produced machine successfully applied in mass production in 1962. And in 1997, we inherited all of TOYOTA INDUSTRIES CORPORATION’s technology and commenced sales. Since then, we have steadily built up an excellent track record for our extensive range of models and high reliability, and have contributed to the significant streamlining of part machining work, both domestically and overseas.

Toyota’s automatic friction welding machine history means Izumi Machine Manufacturing Co., Ltd.’s history.



A. I. Chudikov of the USSR succeeded in an experiment involving friction welding, using a modified lathe and round metal bars. VNIIESO (USSR Electric Welding Machine Research Institute) took up the idea and began research and development from around 1956.


The Institute developed and announced the friction welding machine MST-1. Following this announcement, many countries began research and development of the technology for practical application.


Development in the USSR entered a stage where the technology was introduced into production processes.


The BWRA (British Welding Research Association) succeeded in producing a prototype of a friction welding machine. AMF Corp. of the U.S. also announced a prototype in that same year.


A piece of work entitled “Friction joining of metals” by VILL of VNIIESO was introduced as research material in Japan. This triggered scientific research into friction welding.


A machine tool research group brought back useful information from the USSR.


Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd. developed the first brake-type friction welding machine for commercial industrial use in Japan.


The Friction Joining Research Conference was founded. It was later renamed the Society for the Study of Friction Joining and then the Friction Joining Association, and continues activities to this day.


Izumi began consignment production of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd. friction welding machines.


JIS 3607 Standard for the friction joining work of carbon steel was established.


Izumi completely inherited friction welding machine technology from Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd.


Izumi began commercial application of a phase adjusting friction welding machine incorporating NC control.


Izumi began commercial application of a friction welding machine capable of using extremely small diameter material (ø1.6) used for drills, sensor shafts and other such applications.